Lawyers

There are many different types of lawyers. Just as no one doctor does everything, but instead chooses a specialty like pediatrics or surgery, no one lawyer will choose to work in every type of law. Instead, lawyers choose a specific area of law to practice in, and because there are so many different types of law to practice, there are several different types of lawyers.

All lawyers, though, do have one thing in common. They all must pass the bar exam, as well as any other exams required in their state, and meet all of that state’s licensing requirements. If a lawyer wants to practice law in more than one state, he or she must meet the requirements for each state. Many large law firms can practice law in several states, and employ many different types of lawyers so that the firm can meet almost anyone’s legal needs.

The many different types of lawyers can be separate into large, general categories, but even within those categories there are several other types of lawyers who have specialized even further. Two of the main categories are civil lawyers and criminal lawyers. While both much each meet the same licensing requirements, one practices civil law, where the plaintiff and the defendant in lawsuits are both individuals or entities, and criminal lawyers practice criminal law, in which the government is the plaintiff or the one bringing the case.

Some divorce lawyers specialize in family law issues such as prenuptial agreements, custody or guardianship, while the real estate lawyer might handle only agricultural deals or commercial real estate. There are as many types of lawyers as there are specialized areas of law, which benefits those who need legal advice. A lawyer who is very specialized can only be more familiar with every law and nuance of that type of law than one who handles several different types of cases.

In civil law, the lawyer represents either the plaintiff, the person bringing the lawsuit, or the defendant, the one defending against it. One side will win and typically the losing party must pay compensation to the winning party-unless the defendant wins and often then no money changes hands. In criminal law, the defendant is there to answer criminal charges. The defendant is either acquitted and goes free or is convicted and must pay a fine or serve jail time, or both, and possibly make other restitution as seen fit by the judge or jury.

One reason that’s clear when you look at different types of lawyers is why there’s a separation between civil and criminal lawyers. Because each type of law is so different, specialized knowledge is needed for a lawyer to be effective in each different type. No one would want a civil law expert defending him in a criminal case without the benefit of the full knowledge of criminal law anymore than he would let a dentist remove his appendix. The reason there are so many different types of lawyers is to better provide expert legal services to those who need them.

There are several other types of lawyers. Corporate lawyers usually work for one or more corporations and handle all the legal needs that the company might encounter. Lawyers specialize in this type of law because it’s so complex, and the type of legal work needed can vary a great deal. Family lawyers are those who handled divorce, custody, and many other aspects of family law. Real estate transactions require another type of lawyer who specializes in the legal aspects of all types of real estate transactions.

These are the main categories of different type of lawyers, but within those categories often lawyers will specialize even more. Some civil lawyers concentrate only on a certain type of lawsuit, like malpractice law of for instance, and will call themselves malpractice lawyers. Some will be personal injury lawyers, defamation lawyers, or wrongful death lawyers while others will handle a wide variety of cases in one area. Within criminal law there are types of lawyers who only deal with DUI or immigration issues, and there are some who will handle a variety of criminal matters.

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